What is COPPA?
The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) was first passed by the US Congress in 1998, it requires the Federal Trade Commission to regulate all groups that operate on or through the Internet (including websites, online services, and mobile apps) whose services are directed toward children under the age of 13. The Act was revised in December 2012, and those changes become effective July 1, 2013. The regulations relate to all aspects of privacy protection and are intended to give parents complete control over their children’s personal information.
What is FERPA?
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 99) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. FERPA requires that schools have written permission from the parent or guardian in order to release any information from a student's education record. So the most important thing is that, with some very specific exceptions, you shouldn't be sharing student information with apps and websites without parent permission.
What is CIPA?
In a nutshell, the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) requires public libraries to install Internet filtering software on all of its computers (public access and staff) if the library uses federal money to purchase computers that will access the Internet or to purchase Internet access. In addition, libraries that receive an E-Rate discount for internal connections or Internet access must comply with CIPA.